Belgium-based VITO is a leading European independent research and technology organization in the areas of clean technology and sustainable development. VITO provides innovative and high-quality solutions for small and large companies and advises industries and Governments on determining policies and laws. VITO has a long experience in working on international projects.

VITO coordinates CHROMIC and leads project management (WP7). VITO has a key-role in context analysis and technology evaluation throughout all the steps of the project.



MEAM is a Belgian industrial microwave technology (both food and non-food) provider from test to production machine. MEAM delivers installations, adapted to the need of the consumer. Main microwave functionalities provided to the industry are heating, drying, conditioning, thawing, tempering; gluing, sterilizing, blanching, sintering amongst others.

For CHROMIC, MEAM will design and develop innovative tailor made microwave reactors for metallurgical processes. MEAM leads WP2 and will assist other partners analyzing the results of the microwave pre-treatment and leaching.



German industry Elektrowerk Weisweiler GmbH is the largest company involved in CHROMIC. It is a member of Afarak Group, that owns chromium mines in Turkey and it is specialized in very high purity chromium ore concentrate production. EWW is today a world leader in the production of special grades of low carbon ferrochrome.

EWW experience will help in order to define context analysis and health, economical and environmental assessments. EWW will also provide ferrochrome slags studied in CHROMIC and it will evaluate industrial potential of technology and processes developed.



Belgium-based ORBIX is a SME and a RECOVAL sister company. The main activity of ORBIX is the recovery of metals from stainless steel slag. Annually, ORBIX processes up to 450,000 t of slag. In the last ten years, the company has intensified its R&D sector, developing new strategies and applications for recovery with a strong commitment towards environmental aspects.

In CHROMIC ORBIX leads WP5 about systems validation. In his R&D laboratories ORBIX will test several ways of valorization of the solid and liquid residues generated during metal leaching.



Formicablu srl is a SME based in Bologna and Rome (Italy) engaged in science communication through a multidisciplinary approach. It has developed a long experience as a communication agency for EU projects and has been working closely with scientists of national and international research networks to develop dissemination and outreach plans.

In CHROMIC formicablu leads WP6 and will be in charge of communication, dissemination and community involvement activities. It will support other partners in their interaction with media and in their participation to public events, seminars and conferences.



ARCHE is a Flanders-based SME engaged in environmental toxicology, safety issues and risk assessment about chemicals. ARCHE has been involved in the definition of REACH registration dossiers about chemicals made by EU agency ECHA (European Chemical Agency). Today, ARCHE’s expertise is mainly focused on risk assessment of metals, metal compounds, alloys, waste streams, ore and concentrates.

ARCHE’s profile and expertise perfectly meet WP1 goals about environmental, health and safety risk assessment. For this reason, ARCHE leads this WP and it will support partners in every risk evaluation throughout the project.



Technickà Univerzita v Košiciach is a Slovakian public university founded in 1952. In 2016 TUKE established the IRT, Institute of Recycling Technologies at Faculty of Metallurgy, Technical University of Košice. The main target of IRT is scientific research in the field of waste treatment and recycling. IRT cooperates – also thanks to ERASMUS+ program – with important universities from all over Europe.

TUKE will give scientific support and consulting, both theoretical and technical, to evaluate context analysis and to improve hydrometallurgical technologies for the recovery of by-product metals in every step of CHROMIC project.



HZDR (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V.) is a German non-profit research organization. Its research focuses on application-oriented basic research about matter, energy and health. HZDR consists of eight institutes, of which Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF) is participating on the CHROMIC proposal. HIF was founded in 2011 and pursues the objective of developing innovative technologies for the economy so that mineral and metalliferous raw materials can be made available and used more efficiently and recycled in an environmentally friendly manner.

Thanks to its knowledge and experience in the metallurgical field, from mining to processing, HZDR will analyze and investigate materials and processes tested during CHROMIC project. HZDR will lead WP4.



VDEh-Betriebsforschungsinstitute GmbH is a leading German and European provider of application-focused R&D in the field of steelmaking tehcnology. BFI cooperates closely with Steel Institute VDEh’s and other German steel companies. Its fields of activities cover the entire steelmaking process chain, from charge materials to the final product. BFI research is both theoretical and practical, being BFI equipped with a broad range of test facilities, laboratories and technical centers.

In CHROMIC BFI will evaluate steelmaking slags with focus on the environmental behavior of slags and quality of the water used during slag valorisation. BFI leads WP3.



Institut für Baustoff-Forschung e.V. is the joint research organization of the German, Dutch, Swiss and Austrian steel industry. It has 50 years of experience in the field of applied research about slags and residues of materials derived from iron and steelmaking processes. FEhs strongly cooperates with industries and steel companies across Europe. Its laboratories are strongly equipped with different furnaces and chemical, mineralogy and physical laboratories.

FEhs laboratories will play a key role in CHROMIC to evaluate and test slags, beginning from liquid stage via hot and cold treatment in order to recover successfully by-product metals.



The Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières is a research center with a large experience in European Project partnership and coordination. BRGM is the France’s leading public institution in the Earth Science field for the sustainable management of natural resources and surface and subsurface risks. In its research field, BRGM also supports public policies, international cooperation and citizen information.

BRGM will be involved in different WPs, especially WP2 and WP5. In WP2 BRGM will work at the lab-scale on innovative pre-treatment (comminution) processes, while in WP5 these technologies will be tested at a pilot scale.


This project received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation program under Grant Agreement n° 730471

effiCient mineral processing and Hydrometallurgical RecOvery of by-product Metals from low-grade metal contaIning seCondary raw materials